Sticky geranium (Geranium viscosissimum)
Sticky geranium is an early spring flower found all over Grand Teton National Park (GTNP). They inhabit many areas, including montane regions, open woodlands, and canyons (USDA). Because they are widespread in several different environments, they are easily accessible to all sorts of animals that help disperse their seeds, such as birds, ground squirrels, and other small mammals. Larger mammals, including bears, elk and deer, will forage on the foliage of this plant.
Not only is Sticky geranium an important food source to larger animals, even the smallest of insects enjoy the pollen and nectar offered. Flies, bees, beetles and butterflies help pollinate this flower, and are rewarded with a food prize. Humans also benefited from the roots of the plant. For example, the roots were said to help reduce soreness in eyes, cold remedies, and dermatological aid in Native American tribes (Native American Ethnobotany Database 2010; Parish et al 1996).
Written by Anna Cressman
PC: Anna Cressman